Fogo Island - Cape Verde
The Fire Island


Fogo: The highest peak of the Archipelago, wine and colonial buildings.

On one hand Fogo is a volcanic island characterized by dark lava beaches, grottos and a wild moonscape of basalt and magma currents falling over steep cliffs into the ocean. On the other hand the island is dense with cloud forests overflowing with banana plants, coffee plantations and tropical vegetation. Grasslands dominate the north eastern side of the island.

The large and sparsely populated crater floor of the island's volcano sits about 1,500 meters above sea level and features several new volcanic cones. Pico do Fogo, the largest cone, is 2,829 meters high. The centrepiece of a national park, Parque Natural, the peak seems a part of the surrounding clouds. The last eruption took place in 2014 directly next to the crater of the eruption of 1995. The new lava covered a huge area of the valley Cha das Calddeiras and destroyed most parts of the villages Portela and Bangeira. However, plenty of inhabitants returned shortly after evacuation and started constructing new buildings. Therefore you can already find several families that are happy to welcome you in their private houses or little, simple, but cozy accommodations. It is a special feeling to stay there and feel the power of nature as well as to experience the motivation and positive energy of the local people.

The valley around the volcano is also famous for wine production. During a trip to the island you should try this very tasty wine or some liqueur.

Nearly every hike on and around the volcano is possible again. There are only few restrictions due to security reasons.

Our recommendation: Discover the crater valley by foot! Start in Mosteiros, in the north-eastern part of the island and hike up through the countryside. Due to the trade rain this area is very fertile and green. First you will pass some banana, papaya and coffee plantations until you will reach the damp forest of Monte Velha. Amongst others you will come across some agave plants and eucalyptus trees. In the end you will reach the crater valley with an amazing view to the Pico of Fogo.

Most of Fogo's 35,000 inhabitants live in the picturesque city of Sao Filipe. Most of them make their living by fishing or agriculture. Sao Filipe is considered by many to be the most beautiful town in Cape Verde. Old colonial buildings and sobrados overlook the long black sand beach of Fonte Bila giving the city a special flair not found elsewhere.

There are also many small towns and the city of Mosteiros on the opposite side of the island. A 50 kilometer road connects the two cities across the 476 square kilometre island, thought to be the hottest island in the archipelago. For most visitors the hike to the top of Pico do Fogo but the island has much more to offer.

Am Rand der CaldeiraThe Pico do Fogo (peak of the fire) is the highest elevation of the Cape Verdean Islands. Also it is the highest active vulcano in the Atlantic ocean with its 2,829m. An exceeding eruption in the former crater names the island "São Filipe" into Fogo.  In the years 1785, 1799, 1847, 1852, 1857, 1951, 1995 and 2014 further eruptions followed. The Pico is part of a national park. Grapes and coffee plants grow in the marginal zone and just the altitudes and hillsides in the North are  year-round green.

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Karte Vista Verde Fogo